Work

Factsheets

10 Articles

The syndicates work in the common portions

Every syndicate of co-owners has obligations regarding common portions maintenance. Article 1039 of the Civil Code of Québec provides that "Upon the publication of the declaration of co-ownership, the co-owners as a body constitute a legal person, the objects of which are the preservation of the immovable, the maintenance and administration of the common portions, the protection of the rights appurtenant to the immovable or the co-ownership, as well as all operations of common interest”. However,…...

Work

Maintenance of the common portions

All co-ownerships have  common portions that need to be maintained. These may include corridors, stairs, gardens and elevators. The syndicate has an obligation to ensure their maintenance, since the declaration of co-ownership generally provides that it is the main person responsible for them. In addition, article 1039 of the Civil Code of Quebec stipulates that the syndicate has the obligation to ensure the preservation of the immovable and, by the same token, the maintenance of common portions.…...

Work

Maintenance, renovation or construction contracts in co-ownership

To maintain the common portions of the co-ownership and ensure the preservation of the immovable, it is necessary for the syndicate to subscribe to a certain number of maintenance or construction contracts. As the representative of the syndicate of co-owners, it is the board of directors that generally has the power to subscribe to all the contracts of the co-ownership. To manage costs and determine the obligations of each, it is essential for directors to…...

Work

Certificate of the state of the immovable

Every syndicate of co-owners has obligations regarding the maintenance of the common portions. The certificate of the state of the immovable is an essential step in ensuring the preservation of the immovable; it constitutes a preliminary step before seeking the services of a professional to conduct a contingency fund study. The certificate of the state of the immovable acts as a "report" of the immovable, that is to say that it observes the quality of the building at…...

Work

Contingency fund

With the entry into effect of the Civil Code of Québec in 1994, the legislator introduced the obligation for every syndicate of co-owners to have a contingency fund in order to anticipate and to finance the future expenses to repair and to replace the common portions; this fund is strictly reserved for major repairs as well as replacements of the common portions and it shouldn't be used to ensure their maintenance. Furthermore, Bill 16 modified the Civil…...

Work
{alt}

Works for the alteration, enlargement or improvement of the common portions

Works for the alteration, enlargement or improvement of the common portions are subject to a special regime. On the one hand, such work must be the subject of a formal authorization from the meeting of co-owners, by  the enhanced majority of article 1097 of the Civil Code of Quebec. On the other hand, this kind of work must be compatible with the destination of the immovable and not infringe the rights of the co-owners over their private portions. This strict…...

Work

Syndicate’s Work in Private Portions

Over time, there is several maintenance or improvement work that require the Syndicate to access Private Portions, and even sometimes, work to be executed inside Private Portions. In order that such crucial work for the Syndicate of co-owners not be obstructed, Article 1066 of the Civil Code of Québec provides that no co-owner may interfere with the carrying-out, even inside its private portion, of work required for the preservation of the immovable, decided upon by…...

Work

Co-owner's work

Before starting renovation work in your apartment, keep in mind that you live in a condo. Performing such work requires that you carry out prior verifications. It is necessary to refer to the declaration of co-ownership to know the co-owner’s rights and obligations toward the syndicate. It goes without saying that your work must not affect the rights of other co-owners and occupants of the immovable. In addition, it is important to know if your…...

Work
{alt}

Maintenance logbook

Every syndicate of co-owners has obligations regarding common portions maintenance. Article 1039 of the Civil Code of Québec provides that the object of the syndicate is the conservation of the immovable, the maintenance and the administration of the common portions. However, this section was amended following the adoption of Bill 16. At the end of the first paragraph, referring to the syndicate of co-ownership, it reads the following sentence: "The legal person must, in particular, see to it that…...

Work

Contingency Fund study

No matter how beautiful a new co-ownership is, it will age and eventually require major repairs. In Quebec, about half of the syndicates of co-ownership do not have any management tool to adequately fund the contingency fund . This issue, which can have disastrous financial consequences for some co-owners, is expected to be addressed soon through the requirement to conduct a contingency fund study, to which condominium syndicates will be subject following the amendments to the Quebec…...

Work