Definition : Natural person

Human being enjoying juridical personality, contrary to a legal person who is a legal creation (for example, a company, a syndicate of co-owners).

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Double majority

The Civil Code of Quebec, in articles 1098 and 1108, establishes a "double majority" for certain significant decisions of the co-ownership assembly, requiring a consensus in both the number of co-owners and voting rights. Article 1098 of the Civil Code of Quebec deals with major decisions such as changing of use of the…...




The syndicate of co-owners, as a legal person, has a juridical personality. It acts through two decision-making bodies, the meeting of the co-owners  and the board of directors. The directors are natural persons who make up the board of directors of the syndicate of co-owners, of which they are also the mandataries. In…...



Provisional administrator

The presence of a board of directors is mandatory in a co-ownership. It is the executive body of the syndicate and its legal representative. As for its members, they act as mandataries of the syndicate. Because of the phenomenon of co-ownership in difficulty or dysfunctional, the legislator, through Bill 16,…...



Preliminary contract

After reaching an agreement on the conditions of sale with a builder or developer, you will be asked to sign a preliminary contract.It is compulsory only in the case of the sale of a dwelling to be occupied by a natural person, It is not compulsory for a sale to…...



Identification, quality and capacity of parties

When the sale of immovable property goes through the notary, the latter must ensure, as a public officer, the proper execution of the contract, while giving him the necessary legal certainty. Because of its particular effects under the law, the notarial deed has much more stringent requirements and formalities than…...